Western Australia is the state occupying approximately 976,790 square miles, or one third, of the western territory or the country. The first city of WA, York, was founded in September 1831. Its capital, Perth, is 60 miles to the west from York. Only 11% of Australia’s population (2.613 million people) lives in Western Australia. The state has five universities: University of Western Australia, Murdoch University, Curtin University and Edith Cowan University (in Perth), University of Notre Dame.